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Family History 4 All

 Learn how to trace YOUR family tree.

Newsletter No. 25 - January 2009.

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1. Our welcome message.

2. Featured Article – Kissing Cousins - Deciphering Family Relationships in your Ancestral Tree by Paul Duxbury and Kevin Cook

3. Latest news from www.Ancestry.co.uk Join or get a free trial here.

4. Next Months Featured Article - Researching British Soldiers Who Served in the 1914-18 Great War By: Ian R Gumm

1. Welcome to the first newsletter of 2009. Happy New Year.

Yes, I know it's a bit late but I've been quite busy setting up a business and the associated website.

I've become a window blind installer! What with the training; building the website and everything else that goes with it, I haven't had any spare time for my newsletter. So here I am at 1.15am desperately trying to keep my eyes open long enough to get it completed.

I won't be doing a long sales talk on the Blind Business as I can only operate in the South Yorkshire; North Lincolnshire and North Nottinghamshire area. But if anyone reading this happens to live in those areas, then take a look at the website and maybe we can do business: Blind Magic - Doncaster

Not that it's a chore. In fact I actually look forward to writing this newsletter.

Now before we start I'd like to welcome my new subscribers. I am advertising this newsletter in a 'Traffic' scheme and offering an eBook as a thank you for subscribing. This eBook is actually for sale on my home page. You can take a look at it by clicking here.

I am now offering this eBook to all my subscribers totally FREE and here's the link: Guide Please do not tell anyone about this link as it's only for subscribers. If your friends wish to subscribe they will get the guide through this link.

2. Featured Article.

Kissing Cousins - Deciphering Family Relationships in your Ancestral Tree by Paul Duxbury and Kevin Cook

Joining the world of genealogy research can be quite exciting at times. At other times, though, it can be confusing and difficult. Not only can it be hard to locate sources of information about your family, it can also be hard to figure out who is related to whom. There are so many terms for relationships that most people do not know how do deal with the inundation of information. Hopefully, though, the below text will help sort a few things out.

Let's start with cousins, because there are so many different terms in this area, it can be really hard to sort things out. If someone came up to you and said they were your fourth cousin three times removed, it would be complicated to figure out whom they belonged to. Cousin, at its very base, means people who have the same grandparents. These people can also be referred to as first cousins. They are the children of aunts and uncles. Second cousins are people who have the same great-grandparents, but not the same grandparents. So if you think about your children and the children of your cousins, they are considered to be second cousins. It follows that third, fourth, and fifth cousins would have a very similar pattern. Third cousins would share the same great-great grandparents. Fourth cousins would share the same great-great-great grandparents. Fifth cousins would share the same great-great-great-great grandparents. It's rare to actually know your fifth cousins, but genealogy research can certainly uncover them for you.

In addition to cousins, you also have cousins who have been "removed." This does not mean they were excommunicated from the family or anything. It means that these particular cousins are from two different generations. Once removed means one generation of difference, twice removed means two generations of difference, and so on. Take this example to sort things out. Your mother's first cousin is your first cousin once removed. Here's another one. Your grandmother's first cousin is your first cousin twice removed. It still seems a bit complicated, doesn't it? It not only seems complicated to you, it can seem extraordinarily complicated to anyone who plans to read the research you are so carefully compiling. In addition to the other documentation you should consider using; you might want to think about downloading or copying a relationship chart to sort things out.

A relationship chart is a simple document that can help you figure out who is who in your family and how they are related to each other. Both the top and the left side labels will mirror each other. They should be: child, grandchild, great grandchild, and great-great grandchild. The middle of the chart gets a bit more complicated, as the relationships get more complicated. The first column, moving down, should read "sister or brother," "nephew or niece," "grand-nephew or niece," and "grand-grand-nephew or niece." The second column, moving down, should read "nephew or niece," "first cousin," "first cousin, once removed," and "first cousin, twice removed." The third column, moving down, should read "grand-nephew or niece," "first cousin, once removed," "second cousin," and "second cousin, once removed." The final column should read, moving down, "grand-grand nephew or niece," "first cousin, twice removed," "second cousin, once removed," "third cousin." This sounds incredibly complicated, and to some degree it is and always will be. In reality, most people simply aren't going to care when it hits this degree of complication, but a relationship chart like this one can really help you sort things out as you try to write your own family history.

To further complicate the family relationships you are trying to determine, don't forget that some families may have a situation with double-cousins. This means that the siblings from one family married the siblings from another family. For example, perhaps your grandmother and her sister married your grandfather and his brother, respectively.

You should be aware that the word "cousin," and many other familial terms have changed over the course of time. Some are even Latin. As a result, it is not a bad idea to check with a standard family term glossary as you are trying to complete your research. There are many of these in your local library. You can also look around online to find a standard familial term glossary.

About the Authors

Paul Duxbury and Kevin Cook own http://www.amateur-genealogist.com and http://www.our-family-trees.co.uk two of the leading Genealogy Websites. In addition Paul owns a wide range of exciting websites which can be viewed at http://www.our-family-trees.co.uk

Article Source: http://www.familyhistoryarticles.com

3. Latest news from www.Ancestry.co.uk Join or get a free trial here.


Over 250 years of historic directories launch online at Ancestry.co.uk – world first
  • Details 7.8 million British tradesmen, gentry and VIPs from 1677-1946
  • Records include Henry Harrod (Harrods), William Henry Smith (WH Smiths), John Cadbury (Cadburys) and Frank Woolworth - opening his first store 100 years ago
  • Famous names include Charles Dickens, Benjamin Disraeli and Michael Faraday

The UK’s original business directories - The UK City & County Directories , 1677-1946, launched online for the first time today on Ancestry.co.uk. The directories detail over 7.8 million tradesmen, businesses and VIPs and span 250 years of UK’s history.

The directories highlight how trade has evolved over the last 250 years, with individual listings varying from the standard occupations of the day such as chimney sweeps and dress makers, to more unusual roles such as leech importers, beast preservers, and weapons dealers.

The collection contains volumes from every county in Britain and many cities, towns and villages including London, Manchester, Nottingham, Glasgow, Birmingham and Bristol.

The founders of retailers that still dominate our high streets today can also be found in the directories. The first shops of Charles Henry Harrod (Harrods), John Boot (Boots Chemists), William Henry Smith (WH Smiths) and John Cadbury (Cadburys) are all included as is the first Marks & Spencer, Dixons and Woolworths – which recently went into administration.

The records reveal that the ‘King of Chocolate’, John Cadbury, was in fact a Tea Dealer and although he sold groceries and chocolate in his shop, his ‘bread and butter’ was actually in the sale of tea. Despite the name, Dixons was in fact set up by Charles Kalm as a photographic studio in Essex. Dixons was only selected because ‘Kalms & Co’ would not fit across the tiny shop front.

In addition to commercial businesses, clergy, gentry and ‘persons of note’ are included in the prestigious London Royal Blue Book, 1860, which served as a ‘Who’s Who’ of the 19th Century. It contained a street by street directory of the fashionable areas of central London and an alphabetical list of the people who lived there. Featured are socialites, celebrities and aristocrats of the day, including:

  • Charles Dickens – One of the most famous English authors of all time, Dickens is listed as having lived at Tavistock House, in Tavistock Square, Bloomsbury, London
  • Benjamin Disraeli and William Gladstone – Political rivals of their time, Disraeli is best know for the formation of the modern Conservative Party, whilst Gladstone was his Liberal opponent. Disraeli is listed as ‘MP’ at his home in Grosvenor Gate, Buckinghamshire and Gladstone at Carlton House Terrace, Chester
  • Michael Faraday – English Chemist and Physicist known as the father of modern electric systems. Faraday is listed as a Doctor of Civil Law and Fellow of the Royal Society, living at Royal Institution, 21, Albermarle Street, London

The directories were compiled by surveyors who would knock on doors to gather information. It didn’t cost anything to be listed - publishers made their money by selling the books to travelling salesmen. The London Directories mark the beginning of the official directories, which were originally produced in 1677, with the first UK-wide directories published in 1820.

The English County Directories contain particularly detailed information, listing amenities such as churches, hospitals and schools as well as information on local history, industry, transport and agriculture. Some information is so detailed that even the geology and soil of a particular area is described.

The directories are an important resource for Britons today, painting a personal picture of Britain across almost four centuries and providing a personal glimpse into what our cities, towns and villages were like hundreds of years ago.

The UK City & County Directories, which are of both social and historical significance, were eventually replaced other media, such as the BT Phone Books. Ancestry.co.uk has digitised the original volumes and published them online for the first time.

Olivier Van Calster, Managing Director of Ancestry.co.uk comments: “This collection of directories is unique in that they cover 250 years of UK’s social and commercial history and include many famous names that can still be found on the high street today.

“Because the collection spans most of the UK and just about everyone will be able to discover something of relevance - whether it's what their ancestors were doing hundreds of years ago or how their hometown has changed across the centuries.” www.Ancestry.co.uk

4. Next Months Featured Article - Researching British Soldiers Who Served in the 1914-18 Great War By: Ian R Gumm

..."During the Great War of 1914-1918 Britain's Regular Army was tiny by European standards and was quickly supplemented initially by Reservists and the Territorials. Kitchener's Army of volunteers were rapidly trained and sent to the front and by 1916 it was necessary to introduce Conscription to make up numbers."...

I hope you enjoyed this months newsletter. And in case you forgot earlier - Please sign the  Guestbook. See you February's edition.

Jim. Editor

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